Vitamin D Capsules Don't Work Effectively For Bone Health

Grant Boone
October 8, 2018

The team concluded that vitamin D does not prevent fractures or falls, or have a meaningful effect on bone mineral density, concluding that there is little justification in taking them to "maintain or improve musculoskeletal health", adding that there is no need for more trials to explore this.

Cheese comes loaded with vitamin D and calcium that are required for strengthening bones and teeth. These can occur due to vitamin D deficiency.

The authors said in the paper that they believed the results mean that there is "no justification" for further trials of vitamin D on musculoskeletal outcomes as there is no longer any ambiguity about its benefits.

A review of previously published studies found that taking either high or low doses of vitamin D supplements didn't prevent fractures or falls, or improve bone density.

The researchers are calling for changes in the clinical guidelines of osteoporosis management.

Lead author Dr Mark Bolland, of the University of Auckland, New Zealand, said: "Since the last major review of evidence in 2014, more than 30 randomised controlled trials on vitamin D and bone health have been published, almost doubling the evidence base available.

So, it is too soon to suggest making changes to health recommendations on vitamin D for bone health based on this study", he said.

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Vitamin D supplements do not improve bone mineral density or prevent fractures or falls in adults, finds a large study that advises health professionals to stop recommending the supplements to most patients.

The new study found no meaningful effect of vitamin D supplementation when it came to reducing any fracture, hip fractures or falls.

Most included women aged over the age of 65 (77% of trials) who lived in the community and who received daily doses of more than 800 International Units per day (68% of trials).

Vitamin D supplementation is now recommended for the elderly and all babies and children below the age of 5 years. People at risk of vitamin D deficiency include those with little or no sun exposure, such as nursing home residents who are indoors all the time, or those who always cover their skin when outside, Avenell said.

Whilst it is universally agreed that vitamin D is essential for good health, the scientists question whether supplementation is necessary.

"During autumn and winter, those not consuming foods naturally containing or fortified with vitamin D should consider a 10mg supplement".

The research was funded by Health Research Council of New Zealand.

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