Experimental Chinese fusion reactor achieves temperatures of 100 million C

Katie Ramirez
November 16, 2018

However, this sun won't be launched up in the skies, instead is a experiment for nuclear fusion.

To put that in perspective, the temperature at the core of the sun is said to be about 15 million degrees Celsius, making the plasma in China's "artificial sun" more than six times hotter than the original.

Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences officially announced on Tuesday that they have managed to reach a scorching level of 180 million degrees Fahrenheit (100 million degrees Celsius) for its Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor.

It should be noted that the core of our real Sun is just 15 million degrees Celsius hot.

Power injection in the experiment exceeded 10MW, and the plasma stored energy was boosted to 300 kJ after the team optimized the coupling of the different heating techniques along with using an advanced plasma control system and theory/simulation prediction.

"Nuclear fusion is arguably the best way for human beings to get energy".

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The goal of this reactor is to replicate the process that the sun uses to produce energy.

The high temperatures inside a fusion reactor tear electrons away from their atoms and form a charged plasma of hydrogen ions.

This process also does not produce any radioactive waste, which makes it extremely environmental friendly.

The researchers conducted the experiment earlier this year at the Institute of Plasma Physics in China's Anhui province.

A fusion reactor works in the opposite way, harvesting the energy released when two smaller atoms join together, releasing tiny, fast-moving particles smaller than atoms.

Nuclear fusion needs very high temperature and great pressure, and since the latter can't be achieved on earth, people can only raise the temperature, which, according to current theory, must reach at least 100 million C. The project will also provide experimental evidence and scientific support for the country's ongoing China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor project, which is similarly working to develop nuclear fusion.

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