Scientists Discovered Two New Black Holes

Katie Ramirez
July 12, 2019

The mysterious black hole, weighing about 250 million times more than the sun, is detailed in astronomy journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, in its July 11 publication. Their collision course seems to be a spiral, as they gradually draw closer to one another.

Astronomers discovered the two black holes with the help of images captured by the Hubble Space Telescope.

Even though these two supermassive black holes are already emitting gravitational waves, these waves will not reach us for billions of years, even if it travels at the speed of light. When galaxies merge, their supermassive black holes meet up and begin orbiting one another.

The black holes described in this study are a whopping 2.5 billion light-years away from Earth, meaning that 2.5 billion years have passed since the two were in the state that we now see them in. "For everybody in black gap physics, observationally this can be a lengthy-standing puzzle that we have to clear up". This slowdown lasts indefinitely and is known as the final parsec problem. However, researchers are now unclear as to the time it takes for black holes to merge - or indeed, if they merge at all.

"It's a major embarrassment for astronomy that we don't know if supermassive black holes merge", says study co-author Jenny Greene, a professor of astrophysical sciences at Princeton.

Astronomers don't have to wait much longer for their first glimpse of one of the biggest supermassive black holes collision in the cosmos.

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There's really nothing in the universe that can compare to the awesome power of a supermassive black hole.

This black hole now provides scientists with an opportunity to test Albert Einstein's theory of relativity which is a combination of two theories - general and special relativity.

If astronomers can detect that constant hum of rippling in space-time, that would suggest the existence of the gravitational wave background - and rule out the final parsec problem. The get-together produces intense gravitational waves that ripple through the fabric of space and time. The louder the background noise, the more massive the timing disruptions, and the quicker the detection will be made. Some astronomers believe that once two supermassive black holes get shut enough together, decreasing their distance to 1 parsec (3.2 light-years), they may dance for eternity. "The more we can learn about the population of merging black holes, the better we will understand the process of galaxy formation and the nature of the gravitational wave background". What's more, the galaxy's core is shooting out two unusually colossal plumes of gas.

Based on the findings, Pardo and Mingarelli predict that in an optimistic scenario there are about 112 nearby supermassive black holes emitting gravitational waves.

But that is where this discovery and gravitational waves come into things.

"Without Hubble, we wouldn't have been able to see this because the black-hole region has a low luminosity", Chiaberge said.

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