35,000 Americans die of antibiotic-resistant infections each year — CDC

Grant Boone
November 17, 2019

Since 2013, there has been a 18% drop in passings from a wide range of anti-toxin safe contaminations. Researchers at the University of Melbourne discovered three variants of the multidrug-resistant bug in samples from 10 countries, including strains in Europe that can not be tamed by any drug now on the market.

But the report cites two worrisome trends: the increasing numbers of resistant infections in the community, including highly drug-resistant gonorrhea, and the growing ability of drug-resistant microbes to share their risky resistance genes with other kinds of bacteria, making those other germs untreatable as well.

So there's some surprising news in a federal report released Wednesday: U.S. superbug deaths appear to be going down.

The 2.87 million annual antibiotic resistant infections in the United States estimated in the report reflect an increase of 270,000 from 2013 CDC estimates. The decline is mainly attributed to an intense effort in hospitals to control the spread of particularly risky infections. "I would not by any means declare success".

They found that closer to 2.6 million drug-resistant infections likely occurred at the time of the last report, resulting in almost 44,000 deaths - almost double the previous estimate. Some worrisome new germs are emerging. And while superbugs mainly have been considered a hospital problem, they are appearing much more often elsewhere. The bacteria, which can cause pneumonia and/or bloodstream- and urinary-tract infections, are already resistant to many antibiotics, and frequently contaminate health-care facility surfaces and medical equipment. To that end, the AMA is now working to identify gaps and barriers to implementing antibiotic stewardship in outpatient health care facilities.

The new estimates show that, on average, someone in the United States gets an antibiotic-resistant infection every 11 seconds, and every 15 minutes, someone dies.

"Antibiotics are only for bacteria", she said.

But as decades passed, some antibiotics stopped working. "They're not going to help you with a virus".

"The new AR Threats Report shows us that our collective efforts to stop the spread of germs and preventing infections is saving lives", said CDC Director Robert R. Redfield, M.D., in a statement. When the C. diff. illnesses and deaths are added, the annual United States toll of all these pathogens is more than 3 million infections and 48,000 deaths. The more antibiotics are used, in health care and agriculture, the less effective they become.

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Overall, public health officials acknowledge the superbug problem is probably even bigger.

Jason Burnham, an infectious-disease expert at Washington University who led the research, said he and colleagues included more pathogens and a broader definition of drug resistance in their analysis than the CDC. "Many more die from complications from antibiotic-resistant infections".

However, there's some uplifting news in the report. For example, some earlier estimates were based on reports from about 180 hospitals. The new report used previously unavailable data, including electronic health databases from more than 700 acute-care hospitals.

Using the new data, the CDC recalculated its estimates from 2013, increasing them sharply.

-There were fewer cases of several nasty hospital-associated germs, including drug-resistant tuberculosis and the bug known as MRSA. The most risky organisms identified in the report include antibiotic-resistant bacteria such as Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, as well as Candida auris, a fungus.

The report shows that health officials are in for a very long war against antibiotic-resistant germs, said Adriane Casalotti, chief of government and public affairs for the National Association of County and City Health Officials.

"Solving antibiotic resistance will require ending the rampant overuse of these drugs in livestock".

CDC officials said further preventing infections, including getting ahead of sepsis, and stopping the spread of germs will save more lives. "Safe sex works. Vaccines and keeping hands clean works", Craig said.

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