It will take joint efforts to beat antibiotic resistance

Grant Boone
November 20, 2019

Galuskova-Balter emphasized the need to tighten control over the appointment and use of antibiotics, as well as the effectiveness of the reimbursement mechanism in this matter.

Nearly all the participants (approximately 97 percent) answered correctly, saying antibiotics aren't effective against flu and cold, while around 50 percent of regular people thought it is, reported the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control. "As a medical doctor, I know that we have a great responsibility to stand in the forefront of the fight against antimicrobial resistance and we should spare no effort in our work to continuously improve our knowledge and practices".

For her part, ECDC Director Andrea Ammon said: "Healthcare professionals play a fundamental role in tackling antibiotic resistance".

Globally, we need to ensure that these medicines are used more prudently in both people and animals through better diagnostics, access to the right drugs and improved regulation [6].A better system for monitoring drugs supplies is also needed (where they are shipped, how they are distributed), as well as monitoring and reporting of the prevalence of drug-resistant infections in humans and animals [7].

Antibiotics don't work against the flu, but the flu jab can help. These include Aspergillus fumigatus, which has become resistant to the azole class of antifungals, the sexually transmitted Mycoplasma genitalium, and the resistant Bordetella pertussis that causes whooping cough. Unfortunately those bugs that are in you, are now out in the community because of the antibiotics you are taking.

What is so worrying about antibiotic resistance? If the answer is yes to either question, you may be contributing to resistance. There was considerable variation in scores, depending on country and profession.

Antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria develop the ability to defeat the drugs created to kill them. This suggests that more investment is needed in producing and disseminating locally adapted guidance, resources and toolkits aimed at healthcare workers.

The CDC report follows a similarly concerning report released by Canadian researchers this week, which showed that 26% of infections in Canada are resistant to front-line antibiotics and that this figure could increase to 40% by the year 2050.

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One of the most troubling consequences of overprescribing antibiotics is antibiotic resistance.

The new estimates show that in the U.S., on average, one person is infected with an antibiotic-resistant bug every 11 seconds and that this results in a death every 15 minutes.

As with any complex problem, there is no one-stop solution to antibiotic resistance. This score varied significantly across countries (range 40-73%) and professions (range 29-68%).

In this story, we are following up on the heels of the latest report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that estimates more than 2.8 Million antibiotic-resistant infections now happen every year in the USA, resulting in 35,000 deaths.

Antibiotic resistance occurs naturally, however misuse of antibiotics in humans and animals is speeding up the process.

Nurses and nursing associates were the professions most aware of the WHO's "Five moments for hand hygiene" (73%), and the most likely to perform hand hygiene even if using gloves when dealing with patients or biological material (96% and 92%, respectively). Antibiotics can not treat viral infections.

An increasing number of common infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhoea and salmonellosis are becoming harder to treat as antibiotics become less effective.

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